New Jersey Roads - NJ State Highways - 278-444

NJ State Highways: 278-444

I-278   I-280   284   I-287   I-295   300   303   US 322   Bus. US 322   324   347   I-380   I-395   413   439   440   444   444R   444S


I-278 is a short freeway from Elizabeth into Staten Island. It was once planned to extend northwest to
I-78 (hence the number) along an abandoned railroad. It opened in 1970, and took 439 off of the Goethals Bridge in the process.

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History (Steve Anderson)
History (Goethals Br) (Steve Anderson)

ends at Route 1-9 (US 1/US 9)
ElizabethI-278, Goethals Br
enters New York


I-280 goes east-west through Newark. It was built with money transferred from the
3 corridor, as not only would 3 have been difficult to upgrade to full freeway, but there was more of a need to create a route from the west (via I-80) to the Holland Tunnel than the Lincoln, as the latter at least already existed. The history of I-280 is in 58 (pre-GR 25A), which is currently the Stickel Drawbridge and its four-lane Newark approach, a headache for I-280 motorists. 58 was planned to be extended west toward the Caldwells and east toward the Holland Tunnel, and this is the basic function that I-280 serves. It opened west of 58 in 1973, and east of there to the existing NJ Turnpike (I-95) Exit 15W, which at that time connected only to CR 508.

ROUTE NO. . Beginning at Scotland road in the City of Orange, in the county of Essex, and extending in a general eastwardly direction via the City of Orange, the City of East Orange and the City of Newark to connections with Raymond Boulevard and with Route No. 25A. L.1946, c. 176, p. 763, s. 1. Amended by L.1952, c. 289, p. 977, s. 3.

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History (Steve Anderson)

ends at I-80 (I-80)
Parsippany-Troy HillsI-280
East HanoverI-280
West OrangeI-280
East OrangeI-280
ends at New Jersey Tpk (I-95)


284 goes north from Sussex. It was
84 until 1966 from connecting to NY 84, when New Jersey followed New York's lead (changing it to NY 284 since it conflicted with I-84 and even interchanged with it). Before that (the number changed before the GR) it had been 8N, numbered that way from pre-1927 8.

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ends at Hamburg Ave (23)
SussexE Main St, Unionville Ave
WantageRoute 284
enters New York (NY 284)


I-287 is a bypass around New York City. In New Jersey, the first piece of I-287 was constructed as a bypass for
US 202, connecting 10 to US 46. After the Interstate highway system was born, I-287 was given the number Federal Aid Interstate 104, and the section between Exits 9 and 12 was constructed that way. The rest of the highway, from Montville (Exit 47) southward, was pretty much open by 1967, though the Morristown section took until 1969. The east-west part of the highway, paralleling US 22, was open by 1964. Here is a table of when all sections of I-287 were built:

sectionlocation (mileposts)date
(95) 19A0-0.71970
(104) 1A/2A9.6-12.11958
(104) 1A/2B 12.1-12.61959
(202) 1A/1B39.8-41.71957
(208) 2B/3G58.5-60.71962 (SB), 1971 (NB)
(2) 9, (17) 9A66.9-67.541933 (NB), 1955 (SB)

In 1966, I-95 was added onto the highway from River Road (Exit 9, former Spur CR 514) east to the end; the easternmost section of I-287, at the complicated junction with several routes (including the NJ Turnpike, now I-95), was built as part of I-95. This was anticipating the Somerset Freeway coming north from Trenton, which it never did. A modification in Somerset Freeway plans added a short spur, I-695, and the resultant change in routing took I-95 off of I-287 between Exits 5 and 9 in 1973. On 7/16/85, the state gave up on the Somerset Freeway entirely, and renumbered all of the Interstate back to I-287. Exit numbers were shifted southward by three, and a couple of remnants of this renumbering ("OLD EXIT") persist.
North of Exit 47, I-287 almost got cancelled itself. For many years, environmental concerns held up the most difficult part of the route, which would wind through northern New Jersey's mountains on its way up to Mahwah, meeting 17 shortly before junctioning the New York Thruway (where I-287 was already multiplexed with I-87 to the east, in anticipation of this completion). The initial route would have taken I-287 eastward, crossing 23 in the middle of its multiplex with US 202; 23/US 202 are built with C-D roads to accommodate an interchange, and there is still clear right of way for I-287. After towns and environmentalists weighed in, the original alternate routing, which headed more north and used part of 208 to rejoin the preferred alignment, became the top choice.
As construction progressed, roadways in Riverdale changed around, so that CR 694 could not be accessed from 23 any longer. To remediate this, I-287 between Exits 53 and 55 opened a bit early, on 12/8/1989. The rest of the roadway, including two miles of reconstructed 208 and filling in the stubs at 17 just south of New York, opened in September 1993.

ROUTE NO. . Beginning at Route 31 northerly of Somerville in the County of Somerset and the State of New Jersey and from thence in a general northerly direction to the vicinity of Boonton in the County of Morris, thence continuing in a general northeasterly direction through Passaic County to a connection with Route 17 in Bergen County in the vicinity of the New York State line. L.1951, c. 110, p. 519, s. 1.
ROUTE NO. . Beginning at a point in Route No. S-4, at or near the Outerbridge crossing of Arthur Kill in the city of Perth Amboy and running thence in a general westerly direction through Woodbridge township, Raritan township and Piscataway township to a point in Route No. 29 in or near Middlesex borough. L.1953, c. 87, p. 1012, s. 1.

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History (Steve Anderson)

ends at New Jersey Tpk/Route 440 (I-95/440)
South PlainfieldI-287
Far HillsI-287
Bernards TwpI-287
Morris TwpI-287
Morris TwpI-287
Parsippany-Troy HillsI-287
Pompton LakesI-287
Franklin LakesI-287
enters New York (I-287/NY 17)


I-295 runs along the east side of the Delaware River. It originally was designated to a point east of
31 where it would have met the Somerset Freeway. Once the latter was killed (see I-95 for the full history), I-295 was truncated to US 1 and the I-95 designation was extended east. The Trenton bypass became known as 95M (the internal number for what was previously I-95_2). In 2018, Pennsylvania completed a new interchange between I-276 (Pennsylvania Turnpike) and I-95, routing I-95 onto the Turnpike from there eastward and creating a continuous route for the beleaguered Interstate. At that point, I-295 was restored to its original routed and extended further around Trenton into Pennsylvania, finishing at that I-276/I-95 interchange.
I-295 began as a bypass for sections of US 130. The first sections to open were from Deepwater to Westville and just north of the Delaware Memorial Bridge. I-295 joined those sections and continued north, gradually getting as far as Exit 57. The Trenton loop had been finished by then, leaving a three-mile hole in I-295. That last stretch opened in 1994, with an interchange on stilts at I-195/29 designed to be environmentally conscious.

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History (Steve Anderson)

enters Delaware (I-295/US 40)
PennsvilleDelaware Memorial Br, I-295
Carneys PointI-295
East GreenwichI-295
West DeptfordI-295
Haddon HeightsI-295
Haddon HeightsI-295
Cherry HillI-295
Mount LaurelI-295
enters Pennsylvania (I-295)


300 was the original proposed number for a freeway from the Delaware Memorial Bridge to New Brunswick. It would have connected to
100, a freeway from New Brunswick to the George Washington Bridge. Instead, NJSHD (State Highway Department) ran out of money, and created the New Jersey Turnpike Authority. 300 was thus built as part of the NJ Turnpike, and upon the completion of that roadway, the entire freeway became 700. See the 700 entry for more history.

ROUTE NO. 300. Beginning at a point on Route No. 100 in Middlesex county, and thence in a generally southerly and westerly direction through the counties of Middlesex, Monmouth or Mercer or both, Burlington, Camden, Gloucester and into the county of Salem to connection with a proposed new bridge across the Delaware river at or near Deepwater, Lower Penns Neck township, Salem county. L.1947, c. 259, p. 942, s. 1, effective June 11, 1947.


303 was renumbered in the GR from either
S4D or 55 (northerly Turnpike extension). Neither S4D nor 55 were ever built as a northern spur from 4 to the New York border, though the renumbering of the proposal to 303 hints that it would have connected to that route if ever built, instead of CR 505.

303: Reserved to coordinate with New York State Route 303. 1953 renumbering.

US 322

US 322 runs east-west across the south part of the state. Once it was extended into New Jersey in the mid-1930s, the only alignment change was west of
US 130, where the new bridge and freeway replaced the ferry on 2/1/1974. The old route became 324. A county-maintained alignment opened in 2012 to extend from US 322 at 45 in Mullica Hill east to Clems Run Road, turning the old alignment (also county-maintained) into Business US 322. The pre-GR numbers for US 322 were S44 west of US 130 (now 324), 51 from there to Williamstown, and 42 east of Williamstown.

U. S. 322: From Bridgeport Ferry, via former Routes S-44 and 51 to the vicinity of Swedesboro, via local roads through Mullica Hill and Glassboro to a junction with Route 42 in Williamstown, via former Route 42 junction with Route U. S. 40 (former Route 48) in McKee City, (posted coincident with Route U. S. 40 to Atlantic City). 1953 renumbering.

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History (Steve Anderson)
History (Commodore Barry Bridge) (Steve Anderson)

enters Pennsylvania
LoganCommodore Barry Br, Swedesboro-Bridgeport Rd
WoolwichSwedesboro-Bridgeport Rd
HarrisonSwedesboro-Bridgeport Rd, N Main St, Mill Rd, Glassboro Rd
GlassboroWest St, Delsea Dr, Glassboro-Williamstown Rd
MonroeGlassboro-Williamstown Rd, Sicklerville Rd, Black Horse Pike
FolsomBlack Horse Pike
HamiltonBlack Horse Pike
HamiltonBlack Horse Pike
Egg HarborBlack Horse Pike
PleasantvilleW Verona Ave, E Verona Ave
Egg HarborBlack Horse Pike
Atlantic CityN Albany Ave, S Albany Ave
ends at Atlantic Ave/Pacific Ave

Business US 322

Business US 322 is New Jersey's newest permanent route, following
45 south and Mullica Hill Road east in Mullica Hill. It was created in 2012 when the US 322 Mullica Hill bypass opened, although not immediately acknowledged - and then signed with county route shields.

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ends at Bridgeport-Mullica Hill Rd (322)
HarrisonMain St (45), Mullica Hill Road)
ends at Garden State Pkwy (444)


324 is old
US 322 (and pre-GR S44) west of Bridgeport; the Commodore Barry Bridge bypassing it opened on 2/1/1974. It is unsigned, and cut off from other state roads except via local streets.

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ends at Delaware River
LoganOld Swedesboro-Bridgeport Rd
ends at dead end


347 is a shortcut for
47 and bypass of Maurice River. It was Alt. 47 until around 1990.

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ends at Delsea Dr (47)
DennisE Creek Mill Rd
Maurice RiverCape Rd, New Stage Rd
ends at Delsea Dr (47)


I-380 was the original number for
I-80S (see that entry for history). It was never signed.


I-395 was the original number for
I-680 (see that entry for history). It was never signed.


413 is a short route in Burlington, mainly an extension of the longer PA 413, and not state-maintained. It is signed east-west, although PA 413 is north-south. It was
S25 pre-GR.

413: From Burlington-Bristol Bridge, via former Route S-25 to a junction with Route U. S. 130 (former Route 25). 1953 renumbering.

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enters Pennsylvania (PA 413)
BurlingtonBurlington-Bristol Br, Keim Blvd
ends at Route 130 (US 130)


439 is a partial loop around Elizabeth. Pre-GR, it was
28 south of current 28, and S24 from there to 82. The number was chosen to match now dead NY 439, which was on the other side of the Goethals Bridge until I-278 took over.

439: From Goethal's Bridge, via former Route 28 to junction of Route 28 (former Routes 28 and 27-29 connection), via former Route S-24 to junction of Route 82 (former Route S-24), via former North Avenue Connecting Link to Route 27 in Elizabeth. 1953 renumbering.

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ends at Brunswick Ave/I-278/New Jersey Tpk/Goethals Br (I-95/I-278)
ElizabethBayway Ave, S Elmora Ave, Elmora Ave
UnionNorth Ave
HillsideNorth Ave
ElizabethNorth Ave
ends at Newark Ave (27)


440 is in two sections, linked via NY 440. The first, a freeway, runs east-west in the Perth Amboy area but has been signed north-south to fit with the northern section (old signs still display east-west however). The second runs north-south in Bayonne and Jersey City. 440 was
S4 (Middlesex County) and 1 (Hudson County) pre-GR. Until 1974, 440 used 184 and ended at US 9. In Hudson County, 440 was supposed to run along fill in Newark Bay. As 169 was constructed, a little of 440's proposed freeway was built, south of the trumpet to CR 501 to the next trumpet, which then tied into 169 in a bizarre S-curve and half-abandoned trumpet. 169 was eventually renumbered as part of 440, and the ghost trumpet was eliminated in favor of a 180-degree loop. Starting 5/8/2001, signs were changed over [Jonathan Sachs]. Due to the rerouting of NY 440 in Staten Island onto the West Shore Expressway, from the Richmond Expressway and Parkway, the NJDOT SLD mileage for the New York section (12.85 miles long) disagrees with NYSDOT's mileage for the same section (12.73 miles long).

ROUTE NO. . Beginning on Route No. 1 at or near the boundary line between Bayonne and Jersey City and from thence across the Bayonne peninsula to a point where connection can be made to roads leading to Bayonne Naval Supply Base and Bayonne Naval Drydock. The route so established is hereby designated as a freeway as defined in chapter eighty-three of the laws of one thousand nine hundred and forty-five. L.1941, c. 32, p. 102, s. 1. Amended by L.1947, c. 325, p. 1049, s. 1.

ROUTE NO. . Beginning at a point in Route No. S-4, at or near the Outerbridge crossing of Arthur Kill in the city of Perth Amboy and running thence in a general westerly direction through Woodbridge township, Raritan township and Piscataway township to a point in Route No. 29 in or near Middlesex borough. L.1953, c. 87, p. 1012, s. 1.

440: From junction of Garden State Parkway and former Route S-4 in Woodbridge Township, via former Route S-4 to Outerbridge Crossing and from junction of 63rd Street and Hudson County Boulevard, Bayonne, via former Route 1 to junction with Routes U. S. 1 Truck, U. S. 9 Truck (former Route 25), at Communipaw Avenue in Jersey City. 1953 renumbering.
ROUTE NO. 440. Beginning in the vicinity of the Kill Van Kull Bridge Plaza in Bayonne, Hudson county; and from thence proceeding westwardly into the waters of Newark bay, thence northwardly along the easterly shore of Newark bay to a junction with existing route 1 in the vicinity of 63rd street and Hudson county boulevard also in Bayonne, Hudson county. L.1959, c. 57, p. 166, s. 1, effective June 2, 1959.

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History (Middlesex County) (Steve Anderson)
History (Hudson County) (Steve Anderson)
History (Outerbridge Crossing) (Steve Anderson)
History (Bayonne Bridge) (Steve Anderson)

ends at New Jersey Tpk/I-287 (I-95/I-287)
EdisonRoute 440
WoodbridgeRoute 440
Perth AmboyRoute 440, Outerbridge Crossing
enters New York (NY 440)
enters New York (NY 440)
BayonneBayonne Br, Route 440
Jersey CityRoute 440
BayonneRoute 440
Jersey CityRoute 440
ends at Communipaw Ave (US 1-9 Truck)


444 is the secret number for the Garden State Pkwy, which runs north-south along the length of the state. The Parkway was the first mile-based exit numbered road in the US. It was
4 Parkway pre-GR since it was a bypass for 4 and a way to connect the disjoint sections of that route. The only sections built as 4 Parkway are the free ones - the at-grade intersections between Exits 8 and 12, the Toms River bypass, and the ten-lane freeway from Exit 129 to Exit 140. The rest of the route ran out of money, and the New Jersey Highway Authority was formed to build the rest as a toll highway. Hearsay is that the Essex County section was built on the condition that a free alternate be provided to the Parkway, leaving Oraton Parkway/Kennedy Parkway (and other assorted names) as a continuous surface route. I don't know if I trust this hearsay.
The original toll booth names are Cape May, New Gretna, Ocean (now Barnegat), Dover (now Toms River), Asbury, Raritan, Union, Essex, and Paramus (now Bergen) [Chris Mason]; back then the Parkway ended at 17 (Exit 163). The Great Egg toll plaza was added a year later when the bridge over the eponymous harbor opened between Cape May and New Gretna. The Parkway was then extended in 1957 along the route proposed as S101, through Oradell to the New York state line, adding the Hillsdale (now Pascack Valley) toll plaza. Starting in 1999 and finishing in 2006, toll plazas along the Parkway were converted to high-speed open-lane tolling under the E-ZPass system. Most plazas were also converted to one-way operation between 2004 and 2006, though a few remain bidirectional.
US 9 multiplexes with the Parkway over the Mullica River, as well as around the Toms River bypass that had been constructed as 4 Parkway. Both of these multiplexes are free. Currently, the Beesley's Point Bridge on US 9, a privately operated toll bridge, is closed due to lack of funds. Thus there is a third de facto multiplex, probably to last until the state takes that bridge over. This one is not signed permanently, and diverted traffic still must pay a toll to use the Parkway.
A new span of the Driscoll Bridge over the Raritan River opened in 2006. The bridge originally carried three lanes in each direction. As traffic volumes increased, first the left shoulder and then the right shoulder were converted to general-purpose lanes. Volume continued to increase, and the bridge was finally changed from ten 12-foot lanes to twelve 10-foot lanes. The new Edison Bridge on US 9 helped somewhat with traffic in the interim, but now that the new Driscoll Bridge has opened, the Parkway has eight divided lanes northbound that are up to modern standards, and the new bridge carries seven southbound lanes.
Trucks are currently not allowed on the Parkway north of Exit 105, due to several low bridges and generally substandard geometrics. The Garden State Thruway (821) and later the Alfred E. Driscoll Expressway were proposed to connect the NJ Turnpike (then 700) to the Parkway south of Exit 105, allowing trucks to access the Jersey Shore without having to use non-freeways. The Expressway was completely laid out, but never received the go-ahead. There was also a proposed Paterson spur of the Parkway, which later in part became 19. Exit 155P is currently the left exit from the Parkway, but was meant to be the next exit, at Broad St; numbering would have continued 156P, 157P, etc., on into Paterson, along the route proposed to be part of the 20 loop.

ROUTE NO. . Beginning in the vicinity of the Raritan river, thence taking a southeasterly direction passing between Fort Earle and Route 35 to a connection with Route 34 south of Route 33. L.1950, c. 261, p. 904, s. 1. L.1951, c. 109, p. 518, s. 1, effective May 29, 1951.

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History (Steve Anderson)

ends at Route 109 (109)
Lower TwpGarden State Pkwy
Middle TwpGarden State Pkwy
DennisGarden State Pkwy
Upper TwpGarden State Pkwy
Somers PointGarden State Pkwy
Egg HarborGarden State Pkwy
GallowayGarden State Pkwy
Port RepublicGarden State Pkwy
Bass RiverGarden State Pkwy
Little Egg HarborGarden State Pkwy
EagleswoodGarden State Pkwy
StaffordGarden State Pkwy
BarnegatGarden State Pkwy
OceanGarden State Pkwy
LaceyGarden State Pkwy
BerkeleyGarden State Pkwy
BeachwoodGarden State Pkwy
South Toms RiverGarden State Pkwy
BerkeleyGarden State Pkwy
Toms RiverGarden State Pkwy
LakewoodGarden State Pkwy
BrickGarden State Pkwy
WallGarden State Pkwy
Tinton FallsGarden State Pkwy
MiddletownGarden State Pkwy
HolmdelGarden State Pkwy
HazletGarden State Pkwy
AberdeenGarden State Pkwy
Old BridgeGarden State Pkwy
SayrevilleGarden State Pkwy
WoodbridgeGarden State Pkwy
ClarkGarden State Pkwy
CranfordGarden State Pkwy
KenilworthGarden State Pkwy
UnionGarden State Pkwy
HillsideGarden State Pkwy
IrvingtonGarden State Pkwy
East OrangeGarden State Pkwy
BloomfieldGarden State Pkwy
NutleyGarden State Pkwy
BloomfieldGarden State Pkwy
CliftonGarden State Pkwy
Elmwood ParkGarden State Pkwy
Saddle BrookGarden State Pkwy
Rochelle ParkGarden State Pkwy
ParamusGarden State Pkwy
WashingtonGarden State Pkwy
HillsdaleGarden State Pkwy
Woodcliff LakeGarden State Pkwy
MontvaleGarden State Pkwy
enters New York (reference rte 982L)


444R was the secret number for Exit 117 of the Garden State Pkwy. It does not appear in the 2006 SLD and may now just be considered a set of ramps, not its own route.

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ends at Route 35/Route 36 (35/36)
KeyportGarden State Pkwy ramp
HazletGarden State Pkwy ramp
ends at Garden State Pkwy (444)


444S is the secret number for Exit 105 of the Garden State Pkwy.

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ends at Hope Rd/Route 36 (36)
Tinton FallsEatontown Spur
ends at Garden State Pkwy (444)

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